Mossberg 500 shooting in Prague

12, 20, .410 bore

Mossberg 500: A Legend in Firearms History

The Mossberg 500 shotgun is an iconic and versatile firearm that has earned a place in the hearts of hunters, sports shooters, and law enforcement officers alike. With its rich history, innovative design, and a wide range of variants, the Mossberg 500 stands as a testament to American craftsmanship and ingenuity in the world of firearms.

History and Origins

The story of the Mossberg 500 shotgun begins with its manufacturer, O.F. Mossberg & Sons, Inc. Founded in 1919 by Oscar Frederick Mossberg, the company initially specialized in the production of firearm parts. It wasn't until 1960 that the Mossberg 500 made its debut. This marked the beginning of a legacy that continues to this day.

The Mossberg 500 was designed as a pump-action shotgun, a design renowned for its reliability and simplicity. The pump-action shotgun has its roots in earlier designs like the Winchester Model 1897, which was a pioneer in this category. Mossberg, however, took the concept and refined it, creating a shotgun that would become a staple in American firearms culture.

Design and Designer

The design of the Mossberg 500 is a testament to both practicality and innovation. John F. Mossberg, the son of the company's founder, played a pivotal role in the development of the Mossberg 500. The design philosophy was centered around creating a reliable, affordable and versatile shotgun that could cater to a wide range of shooting needs.

One of the standout features of the Mossberg 500's design is its simplicity. The shotgun is easy to disassemble and maintain, making it an excellent choice for those who want a firearm they can rely on in various conditions. Its pump-action mechanism allows for rapid cycling of rounds, making it suitable for both hunting and self-defense.

Caliber and Variants

The Mossberg 500 is primarily chambered in 12-gauge and 20-gauge calibers, though there have been occasional releases in other gauges. These two gauges are popular choices for a variety of applications, from hunting to sport shooting to home defense.

One of the Mossberg 500's most appealing aspects is its extensive line of variants. Over the years, Mossberg has introduced numerous models, each tailored to specific needs and preferences. Some notable variants include:

Mossberg 500 Persuader: This variant is equipped with a pistol grip and is often favored by law enforcement and home defense enthusiasts.

Mossberg 500 Turkey: Designed for turkey hunting, this variant often features a camouflage finish and specialized chokes optimized for turkey loads.

Mossberg 500 Waterfowl: Ideal for waterfowl hunting, this variant usually comes with a weather-resistant finish and choke options suitable for different waterfowl loads.

Mossberg 500 Tactical: Geared towards tactical and self-defense use, this variant typically includes features such as adjustable stocks, ghost ring sights, and accessory rails.

Mossberg 500 Field: A versatile option for general hunting, this variant is available in various barrel lengths and stock configurations to accommodate different game and shooting styles.

These are just a few examples of the many Mossberg 500 variants available and the list continues to evolve to meet the demands of an ever-changing firearms market.

Why is Mossberg 500 so popular?

The Mossberg 500 shotgun's popularity can be attributed to a combination of factors that make it a favored choice among firearm enthusiasts, hunters, sports shooters, and law enforcement personnel. Here are some key reasons why the Mossberg 500 has achieved such widespread popularity:

Reliability: The Mossberg 500 is renowned for its reliability. Its pump-action mechanism is simple and robust, making it less prone to malfunctions than more complex firearm actions. This reliability is critical for a firearm intended for self-defense, hunting, or any situation where dependability is paramount.

Affordability: Mossberg has positioned the 500 series as a cost-effective option for individuals looking for a dependable shotgun. It offers an excellent price-to-performance ratio, making it accessible to a broad range of consumers.

Versatility: The Mossberg 500 is incredibly versatile due to its wide array of available variants and configurations. Whether you're hunting game, shooting clay targets, or using it for self-defense, there's likely a Mossberg 500 variant tailored to your needs.

Ease of Use: The pump-action design is straightforward to operate, making it an excellent choice for novice shooters. Its manual action allows for a slower rate of fire, which can be more manageable for those new to shotguns.

Customization: Mossberg 500 owners can easily customize their shotguns with a variety of aftermarket parts and accessories. This adaptability allows users to tailor their firearms to specific purposes, whether it's adding a different stock, changing the barrel, or mounting accessories like optics or lights.

Durability: Mossberg builds the 500 with durability in mind. It is constructed from robust materials, including steel receivers and durable synthetic or wooden stocks, depending on the model. This ruggedness ensures that the shotgun can withstand harsh conditions and heavy use.

Safety Features: Many Mossberg 500 models include safety features like an ambidextrous safety switch and a top tang safety, making them safer to handle and operate.

Proven Design: The pump-action shotgun design, upon which the Mossberg 500 is based, has a long history of success and reliability. The Mossberg 500 builds upon this legacy with modern manufacturing techniques and materials.

Law Enforcement Adoption: The Mossberg 500 has gained favor with law enforcement agencies worldwide. Its reliability, affordability, and adaptability have made it a popular choice for police departments, further bolstering its reputation.

Adequate Caliber Options: The Mossberg 500 is available in popular shotgun calibers like 12-gauge and 20-gauge, which are versatile and suitable for various applications, including hunting and self-defense.

Excellent Customer Support: Mossberg has a reputation for good customer service and support, which can be reassuring for buyers who may have questions or require assistance with their firearms.


The Mossberg 500 shotgun has rightfully earned its place as a legendary firearm in American history. Its roots in innovation, reliability, and versatility have solidified its status as a firearm of choice for hunters, sports shooters, and those seeking self-defense options. With its rich history, iconic design, diverse lineup of variants, impressive technical details, and unique specialities, the Mossberg 500 continues to be a beloved and respected firearm among enthusiasts and professionals alike.


  • Mossberg 500 - Name
  • shotgun - Type
  • Mossberg & Sons - Manufacturer
  • 500 - Model
  • 12, 20, .410 bore - Caliber
  • pump action - Action type
  • Carl Benson - Designer
  • 1961 - Designed
  • 1961 - In service
  • 3,2-3,5 kg - Weight
  • 917-1000 mm - Length
  • cca 45 m - Firing range

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